China Watch 



Tiananmen Square


Cardinal Kung Foundation

UN approves of Chinese killing babies


Nurse witnesses the killing of a baby

Persecution of Chinese Bishop

Forced Abortions 2005

Chinese Doctor Experiments with Baby

Chinese region 'must conduct 20,000 abortions'


Chinese Priest Released

Chinese woman drowns granddaughter

Court Links Right to Asylum To China's Sterilization Policy


One Child Policy Spills Over

Bible Smuggling

600,000 Chinese Girls need an adoptive home. ACT NOW!

No Conscience

Disney Sweatshops

Cosmetics from executed Chinese


Church Leaders arrested in China

More Arrested


Catholics Forbidden to Teach Against Abortion

Chinese Breast Cancer and Abortion

Let us not forget the Tiananmen Square Massacre

Graphic Images


  Powerful pictures and resources


A list of the known Catholic Bishops and Priests who are prisoners in China.

Township authorities have forced hundreds of women in Chewang Township, Cangshan County, Shandong Province to undergo abortions since March of this year. Many of these women have been beaten and illegally detained for resisting the authorities, and this mistreatment even resulted in the death of one woman.

Around June of last year, officials of the CCP Committee and government of Chewang Township traveled to every part of the township to persuade couples who had only one child to have a second child. For each second birth, couples were required to pay the government 4,500-6,000 yuan as a "birth guarantee fee". By March 2005, the township authorities had collected over 20 million yuan.

In late March of this year, when new township authorities were appointed to their posts, the first thing they did was to force the pregnant women who had paid the "birth guarantee fee" to the previous authorities to have abortions. Hundreds of women were captured and driven to undergo abortions by force. Even those women who had been pregnant for eight months were not spared. According to statistics, more than 160 women who were eight months pregnant were forced to have abortions.

2 July, 2005



China: a priest of the underground church is released


Fr Vincent Kong Guocun of the Wenzhou Diocese is freed after nearly six years of house arrest.


Hong Kong (AsiaNews/UCAN) – A young priest of the unofficial church in Wenzhou diocese, eastern China, has been freed after nearly six years in detention.
A Catholic source in China said on June 22 Fr Vincent Kong Guocun was freed on June 8 due to ill health. Fr Kong, 34, had been kept under house arrest since 20 October 1999. The arrest came barely two years after he was ordained on 31 August 1997.
During the early days of his detention, Fr Kong was isolated from outside contact. It was only later that his parents were allowed to pay him occasional visits, the source said, explaining that government officials alleged Fr Kong was "too stubborn" and was not cooperative.
Fr Kong's five-year and eight-month detention is the second longest among the Wenzhou clergy. Unofficial bishop, Mgr James Lin Xili is still confined to the cathedral of the official Wenzhou community. The 84-year-old bishop has not enjoyed freedom of movement since September 1999. Mgr Lin has Alzheimer’s disease. Some Catholics maintain his sickness is due to tortures he suffered in prison.

Fr Ding Zhaohua, another priest of the underground Wenzhou church is still under arrest in a hotel, where the authorities placed him in January 2001.
According to information procured by AsiaNews, today there are 18 bishops and 20 priests who have disappeared in the hands of the police, in isolation or unable to exercise their ministry. At the beginning of March, our agency launched an international campaign to call for their release.

 There are at least eight million Catholics in China who adhere to the underground church. According to government statistics, there are four million Catholics in the official church.


This is one of the most moving testimonies I have ever heard.  It comes from Dr. Dobson's website.  It will break your heart and is a must read..

A Question of Duty

Chinese Scientists Keep Human Embryo Hearts Alive after Abortions

Shenyang, China, Jun. 20 ( - Chinese doctors are boasting of having removed live hearts from babies during abortions and then keeping the hearts alive in a culture fluid. Thought to be a world first, Wang Tong, a doctor associated with the procreation center lab of the Shenyang Women and Infants' Hospital in Shenyang (the capital of Liaoning Province), said one such heart has survived for thirteen days and another for nine days.

The first heart comes from a baby aborted at 7-1/2 weeks on June 5. Wang said he removed the heart and placed it into the culture and was happy to find it still beating between 60 and 80 times per second the next day. Microscopic evidence showed the cells of the heart were dividing. "This showed that the heart was growing," Wang said excitedly.

Another tragic case highlights the eugenic impact of China’s ruthless population control program. A woman drowned her second granddaughter with the hope that her daughter-in-law would later give birth to a son. The woman has been sentenced to six years in prison for the crime.

Thursday, August 9 3:30 PM SGT

Chinese woman drowns granddaughter in quest for grandson

BEIJING, Aug 9 (AFP) -

A Chinese woman has been sentenced to six years in prison for drowning her new-born granddaughter because she was desperate for a baby boy to carry on the family name, state media said Thursday.

The infanticide in Kelai village in central Hunan province highlights the problems surrounding China's "one-child policy", which restricts urban couples to one child and allows rural couples a second child if their first is a girl.

Yang Dongmei's daughter-in-law had already given birth to a girl and when she gave birth to a second in August 1998, Yang decided to kill the baby, the China Women's News service said.

The day her daughter-in-law gave birth, she placed the baby in a wooden tub of water and drowned her while the mother was asleep, the report said.

She later told her daughter-in-law, Chen Meiyuan, what she had done but Chen decided to cover up Yang's actions when police questioned her.

Yan, on the other hand, tried to push the blame onto her daughter-in-law.

The court in Hunan province's Xinhuang county sentenced Yang on July 25 to six years in jail for intentional homicide. Chen was sentenced to one year in prison for covering up the crime.

It is rare for such a case to be reported in the official media, although human rights groups say female infanticide is not uncommon among peasants who still hold the traditional belief that sons are more valuable than daughters.

Because of the 20-year-old one-child policy, an untold number of baby girls have died from murder or from neglect through lack of medical care or nutrition, human rights groups say.

China's ratio of boys to girls at birth is unnaturally skewed at 117 boys for every 100 girls compared to the international average of 106:100, according to official Chinese figures released in March.

China blames the imbalance on selective abortion of female foetuses after ultrasound scans and under reporting of girls born in violation of the one-child policy.

The government admits it has been difficult to change traditional attitudes favoring boys, but rights activists say there are concrete measures the government could take such as providing social security for peasants and alleviating poverty.

Chinese sons carry on the family name, inherit land and are seen as more capable of doing rural work.


UNFPA Signals Approval

HUAIJI, China, Aug 7, 2001 ( - Communist China has ordered a small impoverished county of less than one million people to perform 20,000 abortions and sterilizations by the end of the year. The Telegraph reports that family planning officials in Guangdong ordered the abortions after census officials revealed that the average family in Huaiji has five or more children.

As part of the campaign, ultrasound equipment is being purchased so unauthorized child bearing can be detected and the children aborted - forcibly if necessary. In order to pay for the machines, the county's 15,000 employees had their meager $100/month salaries slashed in half. As part of the drive to meet the quota, doctors have been ordered to sterilize women as soon as they give birth after officially approved pregnancies.

Nevertheless, Sven Burmester, the United Nations Population Fund representative in Beijing, praised China's family planning program. "For all the bad press, China has achieved the impossible. The country has solved its population problem," he said.

Persecution Of Chinese Catholic Bishop Reported

BEIJING (CWN) - A US-based group that investigates

Communist China's treatment of Catholics reported on Monday that a bishop in the underground Church is the target of renewed persecution.

Bishop Joseph Fan Zhongliang, 79, had his home ransacked on March 4 by police who seized some of his belongings, including Bibles and other religious materials, according to the Cardinal Kung Foundation of Stamford, Connecticut.

The bishop had spent more than 20 years in prison for refusing to renounce the authority of the pope over the Catholic Church in China. Following the rise to power in 1949, the Communist Party decreed that all religions in the country must sever ties without outside authority and pledge fealty to official churches, including the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association.

Many Catholics refused Beijing's demands and continued to worship illegally. Bishop Fan is administrator of the archdiocese of Shanghai while Cardinal Ignatius Kung Pin-mei lives in the United States in exile.

Disney Sweatshops in China

Disney sweatshops alleged
Anti-sweatshop advocacy group charges that workers make books under oppressive conditions.
August 18, 2005: 2:54 PM EDT

NEW YORK (CNN) - The National Labor Committee, an anti-sweatshop advocacy group that once exposed labor abuses in apparel produced for Kathie Lee Gifford's clothing line, made new charges Thursday against The Walt Disney Company, releasing a videotape alleging that two Chinese factories making books for Disney operate under unsafe conditions.

At a press conference, Charles Kernaghan, director of the NLC, released an 11-minute videotape in which workers -- their faces hidden -- in the Hung Hing and Nord Race factories say they have been injured by unsafe equipment and show their bandaged fingers and cut hands.

"There's blood on this book," Kernaghan said as he held up a copy of a child's book made in China and published by Disney (Research).

On the video, some workers describe the oppressive conditions under which they are forced to work, including heat, long hours and unpaid, forced overtime. Still pictures show the machines, which workers describe as lacking basic safeguards.

One woman holds up a Mickey Mouse book, "Haunted Halloween," and describes the dangers of the machines that press and glue the binding together.

Plant workers also describe how visiting businessmen are given show tours at Hung Hing where everything is cast as rosy.

Kernaghan called for Disney to release the names of all of its factories in China and to make their monitoring system more open to review.

When contacted for comment, Disney spokesman Greg Foster said he had not seen the tape, but Disney "takes claims such as those raised today by the NLC very seriously."

And in a written statement, Disney said, "We have a strong International Labor Standards Code of Conduct for Manufacturers and conduct regular social compliance audits of the independently run factories that produce Disney branded merchandise."

The statement went on to say, "The Walt Disney Company has contacted Verité, a non-profit social auditing and training firm, to conduct an investigation of the claims regarding the Hung Hing and Nord Race factories."

Disney, which does not own the factories, but subcontracts to them, said in the statement that its officials "have conducted approximately 20 ILS audits at these factories since 1998."

According to the statement, "These audits reflect instances of noncompliance followed by remediation. However, these audits at no time revealed the severity of the violations reported by the NLC today. ...

"Disney and its licensees will work closely with Verité to ensure a thorough investigation of these claims and take the appropriate actions to remediate violations found. Disney will also work with local civil society organizations in China with which we maintain an existing relationship to determine whether a role in the investigation or any subsequent remediation efforts would be appropriate," the statement added.

Foster said Disney does audits both announced and unannounced.

The videotape was made by a Hong Kong-based group called Students and Academics against Corporate Misbehavior, and passed along to the NLC.

Both Kernaghan and the Chinese workers say these factories never take action until prodded by international pressure.


Cosmetics from executed Chinese

Tue Sep 13, 2005, 5:03 AM ET

LONDON (AFP) - A British newspaper said that a Chinese cosmetics company was using skin harvested from the corpses of executed convicts to develop beauty products for sale in Europe.

Agents for the firm, which could not be named for legal reasons, have told would-be customers that skin taken from prisoners after they have been shot is being used to develop collagen for lip and wrinkle treatments, the Guardian newspaper said following an undercover investigation.

"The agents say some of the company's products have been exported to the UK, and that the use of skin from condemned convicts is 'traditional' and nothing to 'make such a big fuss about'," the daily alleged.

It said doctors and politicians were worried about the dangers associated with people wanting to look better in such ways, because European regulations to control cosmetic treatments such as collagen are not expected for several years.

"Apart from the ethical concerns, there is also the potential risk of infection," the newspaper said.

Collagen is the fibrous protein constituent of skin, cartilage, bone, and other connective tissue.

The Guardian said it was unclear whether the anonymous company's treatments were already available in Britain or over the Internet.

It was also unable to say whether collagen made from prisoners' skin was in the research stage or was in production.

"However, the Guardian has learned that the company has exported collagen products to the UK in the past. An agent told customers it had also exported to the US and European countries, and that it was trying to develop fillers using tissue from aborted foetuses."

The newspaper said that when formally approached the agent denied the company was using skin harvested from executed prisoners.

At the same time, it said the same person had already admitted this to an undercover researcher.

It quoted that agent as saying: "A lot of the research is still carried out in the traditional manner using skin from the executed prisoner and aborted foetus." This material, he said, was being bought from "bio tech" companies based in the northern province of Heilongjiang, and was being developed elsewhere in China.

China executes more prisoners than the rest of the world combined, although the precise number put to death is not known.

One recent tally by a European anti-capital punishment group said that at least 5,000 of the near 5,500 known executions worldwide in 2004 took place in China.


See the Telegraph report at:

Chinese region 'must conduct 20,000 abortions'

By Damien Mcelroy in Hong Kong

(Filed: 05/08/2001)

A CHINESE county has been ordered to conduct 20,000 abortions and sterilisations before the end of the year after communist family planning chiefs found that the official one-child policy was being routinely flouted.

The impoverished mountainous region of Huaiji has been set the draconian target by provincial authorities in Guangdong (formerly known as Canton).

Although the one-child policy is no longer strictly enforced in many rural areas, officials in Guangdong issued the edict after census officials revealed that the average family in Huaiji has five or more children.

Many of the terminations will have to be conducted forcibly on peasant women to meet the quota. As part of the campaign, county officials are buying expensive ultrasound equipment that can be carried to remote villages by car.

By detecting which women are pregnant, the machines will allow Government doctors to order terminations on the spot.

At the Huaiji county hospital, where most of the operations will take place, it is not only women with unauthorised pregnancies who are facing traumatic surgery in insanitary conditions.

Officials said that, as part of the drive to meet the quota, doctors had been ordered to sterilise women as soon as they gave birth after officially approved pregnancies.

The drive to perform 20,000 abortions and sterilisations in six months in a county with a population of fewer than one million represents a heavy assault on the women of child-bearing age in its population.

It is equivalent to the number of legal abortions that take place each year in Hong Kong, a city with a population of seven million, where women face no family planning restrictions.

Demographers believe that China has one of the highest rates of abortion in the world, with estimates running at up to 80 terminations for each 1,000 live births. In Western Europe, the figure is just 10 abortions per 1,000 births.

Claiming to be strapped for funds, the local county leadership decided that it could buy the ultrasound machines only if it withheld part of the salaries of its 15,000 employees. One government official said: "We are a very poor county. As our budget is very small, we don't have the money to buy new equipment."

Employees of the county government have spoken out against the leaders who have implemented the bizarre levy. Teachers, policemen and clerks, who already find their 600 yuan (£50) monthly stipend inadequate, now have to support their families on half that amount.

One official said: "Party members and officials are people, too. We don't know why we should pay for such a heartless drive."

Beijing's 20-year campaign to curb the country's population has had a marked effect. The 2000 census produced a tally under 1.3 billion; the number would have been much higher without the one-child policy.

Sven Burmester, the United Nations Population Fund representative in Beijing, said: "For all the bad press, China has achieved the impossible. The country has solved its population problem."

That "bad press" has included reports of babies drowned in paddy fields by officials. There was also the testimony of Gao Xiaoduan, a former family planning official, who told an American congressional committee in 1998 that heavily pregnant women were often forced to have abortions.

Most recently, a woman was reported to have died while trying to escape from officials who were attempting to sterilise her.

Many of the operations carried out by the hated Family Planning Association are forced on women, sometimes as late as eight and a half months into pregnancy. The most common method of inducing birth is to inject a saline solution into the womb.

Abortion in Guangdong is increasing sharply as a result of a combination of a new campaign to strengthen implementation of the one-child policy and a trend for young women in the cities to have multiple terminations from an early age as a form of birth control.

Hospitals use the operations to generate cash both from local women and visitors from neighbouring Hong Kong who think it is easier to travel across the border and pay £40 for the procedure than to go through the formalities required under the laws of the former British colony.

The clinics catering for Hong Kong and Chinese city-dwellers are a far cry from the primitive facilities in Huaiji. Dozens of young women sit restlessly on benches waiting for their names to be called. Once inside, the theatre they are given a general anaesthetic before undergoing the 10-minute operation.

Within hours, they are back on the streets or boarding the train back to Hong Kong. If they went to the Hong Kong Family Planning Association, they would have to face background checks and be forced to accept a cooling-off period.

There are no such time-consuming demands in southern China, where abortion is not considered an ethical issue. In Hong Kong, they would also have been offered counselling, something that the doctors in China insist that there is no demand for.

20 December 2000: Chinese told one child is rule to 2003

2 November 2000: Chinese census aims to record 1.2bn people

27 August 2000: Anger sweeps China over baby-killers

25 June 2000: Shanghai sets aside China's one-baby law

Good News

Wednesday, March 9, 2005; Page A22

Links Right to Asylum To China's Sterilization Policy

Men whose wives were forcibly sterilized under China's coercive population-control policies are entitled to political asylum in the United States, a federal appeals court in San Francisco ruled yesterday.

The groundbreaking ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit could greatly expand the number of people able to stay in the United States on the grounds that they were persecuted by China's population policies.

"Involuntary sterilization irrevocably strips persons of one of the important liberties we possess as human: our reproductive freedom," Judge Stephen Reinhardt wrote for the unanimous three-judge panel.

"Therefore, one who has suffered involuntary sterilization, either directly or because of the sterilization of a spouse, is entitled," without having to prove anything else, to refuge in this country, he wrote.

The plaintiff in the case, Quili Qu, came to the United States in 1997 on a visa for a businessman. In 2001, he applied for asylum. Qu said he and his wife, who is still in China, had married in 1978. They were denied a permit to have a child because Qu's family was thought to be affiliated with "counter revolutionary elements as a result of its elders' support of the pre-Communist regime and adherence to Christian beliefs," the court said.

Qu's wife gave birth in 1979, leaving the baby with her mother. Later, a birth permit was granted. When Chinese officials discovered that the child was 5, not an infant, "the Chinese bureaucrats became enraged," the court said. A neighborhood committee "found Qu's wife, bound her, and took her to a hospital," where she was sterilized.

When Qu sought to stay in the United States, a federal immigration judge said Qu had no valid fear of future persecution because his wife had undergone the operation and "can't be sterilized again."

The appeals court disagreed, describing forced sterilization as a "permanent and continuing act of persecution." 


A court in Gujarat India has held doctors liable for misdiagnosing the sex of their baby while in utero. The couple were told their child was a girl and aborted the child only to discover that they actually had aborted a boy.

Sunday, August 5, 2001

Court holds docs liable for wrong sex abortion

NEW DELHI: A couple from Vadodara in the western Indian state of Gujarat, who moved court after they discovered that the foetus they had aborted was male and not female, have been awarded compensation, reports said yesterday.

According to The Indian Express, the couple did not come under the purview of the Pre-Diagnostic Techniques Regulation Act of 1996 that prohibits sex-determination tests.

However, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is looking at the possibility of framing charges against the couple and the doctors for doing the sex-determination test for the "obvious purpose of aborting the girl child".

Rita Jadhav had three daughters and wanted a son, which was why she consulted a gynaecologist when she became pregnant for the fourth time in 1992. She was informed that the foetus was female.

However, the doctor who performed the abortion told Jadhav that the foetus was a male. The couple sued the two doctors, accusing them of negligence.

While observing that the doctors involved in the case had performed a sex-determination case though it was against medical ethics, a consumer court directed them to pay Rs25,000 (RM2,014) with 10% interest to the couple.

India has one of the lowest sex ratios in the world. According to Census 2001 figures, the overall sex ratio in India is 933 females per 1,000 males.

The situation is particularly worrisome in states like Punjab, Haryana and Gujarat. Around 16 districts in Gujarat have been identified where sex determination tests are used for female foeticide.

Girls are still considered a burden in many Indian households. Parents worry about the dowry gifts they have to arrange for during her wedding and therefore prefer boys.--dpa

Priests Fight Sex-Selection Abortions in India

Source: Reuters; August 11, 2001

Priests Fight Sex-Selection Abortions in India

Chandigarh, India -- Sikh priests launched a campaign on Saturday against the increasingly widespread practice in India of aborting girl babies in the womb.

With modern medicine allowing parents to learn the sex of unborn children, some Indian families -- traditionally anxious for sons -- are resorting to abortion for female unborn children. This year's census showed a sharp drop in the number of girls born.

Some 250 priests gathered at a Sikh shrine in Fatehgarh Sahib in Punjab to raise awareness against the practice known as female feticide. The northern states of Haryana and Punjab, heartland of the minority Sikh religion, have recorded particularly sharp declines in the proportion of female births.

"We will use the services of priests at various gurudwaras to take the message against female feticide to the grassroots," said Manjit Singh, the religious head of Anandpur Sahib temple where the Sikh religion was born.

A gurudwara is a Sikh temple.

India's population touched 1.027 billion in the census ending in March. But for every 1,000 boys up to the age of six, the census showed only 927 girls, down from 945 10 years ago. Demographers say the use of modern ultrasound imagery techniques to detect the sex of unborn babies is behind a sharp drop in the number of girls being born in Punjab and Haryana, two of India's most prosperous agrarian states.

A 1994 ban on using medical tests to determine the sex of unborn children has proved hard to enforce. In Fatehgarh Sahib where the Sikh priests were meeting, the number of females was just 750 per 1,000 males, which a local news agency said was the lowest in Punjab. India's patriarchal society has traditionally preferred sons to daughters and the preference continues to be strong in the country's rural and semi-urban areas.

The Indian Medical Association estimated in January that about five million female fetuses were aborted each year purely on the grounds that the children would be of the wrong sex.

Bible Smuggling
Religious persecution in China.

By Ann Noonan, New York coordinator, the Laogai Research Foundation. For more information on religious freedom in China, visit
January 23, 2002 1:50 p.m.


Religious persecution in China has reached a level unrivaled since two Christian aid workers faced trial and possible execution by a Taliban court last year. Lai Kwong-keung, a 38-year-old Hong Kong businessman, was detained by police for transporting 33,000 copies of the New Testament to Fuqing City in the Fujian Province last year. He was issued an "evil cult" indictment and may face the death penalty for Bible smuggling. Interfaith coalitions and human-rights organizations have joined U.S. President Bush in his concern over this particular case, and have seemingly caused a delay in Mr. Lai's sentencing. However, prominent religious leaders inside China say that his case is just the tip of the iceberg.

The Center for Religious Freedom issued a press release on January 11th protesting against the Chinese government's crackdown on Chinese Christian churches. "A letter from members of an underground Chinese Christian church, dated December 31, 2001, and smuggled to the New York-based Committee for Investigation on Persecution of Religion in China, reveals graphic details and new information about the Chinese government's crackdown on Pastor Gong Shengliang and his South China Church in central Hubei province." The letter provides details about "two women, Li Tongjin and Chi Tongyuan, from Shayang, who were arrested and tortured by police with electric prods, resulting in blisters and burns all over their bodies." The letter also reports "numerous other cases from May to December 2001 of brutal police beatings of the congregants."

This recent crackdown comes as no surprise. During last December's National Religious Working Conference in Beijing, President Jiang Zemin called for the elimination of spirituality's encroachment on China's Communist Party rule. The three-day meeting was attended by a "who's who" list of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council. Top leaders included Li Peng, Zhu Rongji, Li Ruihuan, Hu Jintao, Wei Jianxing, and Li Lanqing, as well as senior regional and ministerial officials. They all stressed the adherence to China's policy of "religious independence". But religious independence from what — or from whom?

The CPC insists on controlling China as an atheist state. Yet, despite China's communistic ideological principles, religion and spirituality have flourished. Over the last few years, there has been a tremendous growth of Christianity in China. Born-again sects such as the Shouters are among the fastest growing with more than 500,000 adherents. Millions of people in China have also found peace in practicing the breathing and spiritual exercises of Falun Gong. One might think that people of faith might make better citizens; but CPC officials worry about these "religious problems" and have decided that all forms of spirituality must be clamped down on with "management networks" as the government reinforces Communist Party Control.

In his speech at the National Religious Working Conference, Jiang Zemin emphasized that the CPC's work related to religion is an important part of what the China's Communist Party must now do. In describing how this should be done, he seemed to be suggesting an all-out effort to confiscate the best attributes of various religious activities — while disregarding any actual tenets of the faith. Accordingly, any results might only force a stranglehold on benevolent acts of faith while depriving believers of the glory of salvation. Though China claims that all are free to believe, or not believe, in religion, all Central Committee officials are atheists and must approach religion from a skeptic's point of view.

Of the situation's impact on Hong Kong's identity and the future of its citizens, Ann Lau, a Chinese human-rights activist living in the U.S. remarked, "The anomaly is not that there are various religious sects of Christianity in the PRC, nor PRC's persecution of Lai Kwing-keung who smuggled thousands of Bibles into the PRC — it is the silence of Hong Kong officials and the people of Hong Kong to defend their own and leaving such task to President Bush of the U.S."

This week in Hong Kong, U.S. Ambassador Clark Randt raised the issue of religious freedom in China. According to Mr. Randt, "The President has expressed his grave personal concern over the case of Hong Kong businessman Lai Kwong-keung, who sits in a jail awaiting trial, apparently for importing Bibles. The importance of the Bible to Christians and the negative impact of such a story on the image of China in the United States cannot be overestimated."

In a statement to the Laogai Research Foundation, Hong Kong legislator Emily Lau said, "It is very sad to learn that shipping Bibles to mainland China can attract the death penalty. Now that China has acceded to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, I hope Beijing will learn to respect the rights of its people and adopt the behaviour of the civilized world."

As President Bush prepares to embark on a state visit to China next month, religious leaders and human-rights leaders continue to offer hope to Mrs. Lai and her family, all hoping that US pressure will help secure the release of her husband, and allow for all citizens inside China to live and worship in peace.

by Sean Murphy
Administrator, Protection of Conscience Project

On 23 April, 2001, Chinese family planning officials took Zhang Chunhong from the village of Wang Ha, on the outskirts of Harbin in Heilongjiang province, to the Daoli District Maternity Hospital in Harbin. An ultrasound scan showed the 31-year-old Zhang was 35-weeks pregnant. Since she already had three boys, she was in violation of state population control policy. Officials decided to terminate the pregnancy, despite the fact that she was past the official 24-week upper limit for abortion.

Nurses injected a saline solution into her uterus the next day, attempting to induce a stillbirth, but the baby was born alive. Zhang Chunhong heard the baby cry as she lay in the operating room and asked to see her child. The nurses refused. Her husband, Zhai Zhicheng, caught a glimpse of what seemed to be a healthy little girl, but was told that staff had been ordered not to give them the baby. One of the nurses told him that, even if she didn't die, the child would be retarded because of the drug used to induce labour. The next day Zhang Chunhong was told that the baby was dead, and the parents returned home.

In fact, the child was still alive. On 25 April hospital director Yuan Yinghua ordered nurse Wang Weimin to starve or freeze her to death by exposing her on the open balcony outside the abortion room. North-east China is still cold in April, and, as the snow fell outside, nurse Wang listened for two hours to the baby's screams before she brought her back inside. The little girl, who was later named Ji Huansheng, became a secret patient in the hospital.

The secret could not be kept from the hospital director, who threatened to fire anyone who fed her. Waiting for director Yuan Yinghua to go home, or taking advantage of times when she was busy, physicians and nurses risked their careers to sneak nourishment to Ji Huansheng. One nurse remarked how the staff were amazed by the strength of the child, but nurse Wang was concerned that Ji Huansheng could not survive indefinitely in the circumstances. She explained that, on 9 May, 2001, when a local TV journalist called, "I decided to tell the journalist the truth because I wanted to give the baby a chance to live."

However, when the journalist arrived, Ji had been hidden. She was found, stuffed inside a sterilization box. Ultimately, the TV station declined to air material that was obviously both shocking and very politically incorrect, but the story was followed up by five newspaper reporters. On 10 May the baby was given clothing, a bottle, food and a cot, but disappeared the day following, apparently taken to the hospital director's office and removed by the hospital's Communist Party Secretary. Fearing for the child's life, journalists called Harbin police, who managed to locate the baby girl and surrender her to her parents two days later.

She was dirty and in poor condition, her weight having fallen from 2.5kg at birth to just 1kg. Her parents named her Ji Huansheng - "brought back to life by journalists" - in honour of the reporters who had saved her life. The peasant family will be burdened with a fine of up to 60,000 renminbi (about £5,000), which they must pay if they do not want Ji Huangsheng to be an unregistered "black child", ineligible for state welfare and education.

A consequence of the incident was a split in hospital staff. Some, who had been threatened with pay cuts or, perhaps, feared for their careers, physically forced journalists out of the hospital. Others petitioned for the removal of the director, Yuan Yinghua. On 25 May, a dozen hospital staff made a formal complaint to the police. The London Independent asked for an interview with the head of Daoli district public security bureau, but was refused on the grounds that the case was "still under investigation."

The acceptance of late term and 'live birth' abortion in the medical community in North America (Baby left to die at Vancouver General Hospital ; Born alive, left to die (Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.) and the response of Canadian authorities in analogous situations (Foothills Hospital Now Forces Nurses To Participate In Genetic Terminations) suggests that the treatment of Ji Huangsheng will not give rise to legal sanctions. It is more likely that authorities will adopt preventative measures to prevent similar situations from arising in future: for example, injecting potassium chloride into the heart of a foetus in utero to ensure death before the induction of labour

In any case, the story from The London Independent illustrates two points of interest from the perspective of freedom of conscience.

First: significant official pressure was brought to bear on medical staff to force them to act contrary to their conscientious convictions in furtherance of state policy. (See Chinese health care workers and the 'one-child' policy) From from being unique to China, similar pressures are growing in western democracies. (See Contradicting state policy may lead to jail in the U.K.; European Court ruling ghettoizes religious belief in Europe; other items under Repression of Conscience and Examining the Issues: Background)

Second: it would not be surprising if the incident at the Daoli District Maternity Hospital caused some of the medical staff to modify their views about abortion, suggesting the likelihood of further conflicts of conscience. This also occurs in western democracies (for example, Nurse refused employment, forced to resign) and the same question arises in both the east and west; will those health care workers be forced out of their professions?

Chinese Government Forbids Catholic Seminaries to Teach against Abortion Says Congressional Report
Blocked Internet Discussion of New Pope

WASHINGTON, October 19, 2005 ( - The Congressional-Executive Commission on China released its 2005 Annual Report last week, which detailed a myriad of deplorable human rights abuses routinely committed by the Chinese regime.  The Commission, created by Congress in October 2000 with the legislative mandate to monitor human rights and the development of the rule of law in China, reports that "The Chinese government monitors and inspects registered seminaries, where it is forbidden to teach anything contrary to Party policy, including Catholic moral teaching on abortion, euthanasia, contraception, and divorce."

Released on October 11, the report notes that the Chinese government interferes in the selection of Catholic bishops, a prerogative reserved to the Pope. 

The Commission, consisting of nine Senators, nine members of the House of Representatives, and five senior Administration officials appointed by the President, reports that the transition between Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI was granted "perfunctory  recognition by granting the events minimal media coverage," but added that "public security officials also increased harassment of Catholics, detaining 13 clerics."   Moreover, the report indicates that "Chinese authorities also blocked discussion of the transition (between Popes) on domestic and international Web sites."

The Congressional report also notes that "The Chinese government continues to maintain a coercive population control policy that violates internationally recognized human rights standards in three ways. First, the Population and Family Planning Law limits the number of children that women may bear.  Second, this law coerces compliance by penalizing women who illegally bear a child with a ''social compensation fee,'' a fine that often exceeds an average family's annual income.  Third, although physical coercion to ensure compliance with population control requirements is illegal in China, reports persist of local officials using physical coercion to ensure compliance, and in one case Chinese officials attempted to physically coerce a visiting Hong Kong woman to have an abortion."

Those local officials are encouraged in their extremism by the fact that "Local officials who fail to meet provincial and central government birth rate targets face loss of bonuses and denial of promotions."

After finding these and a host of other abuses, the commission found "no improvement overall in human rights conditions in China over the past year, and increased government restrictions on Chinese citizens who worship in state-controlled venues or write for state-controlled publications." 

However the commission was not apologetic for its report noting that it is for the good of China and its inhabitants that the truth come out and the needed reforms take place. "This is an honest report that takes a comprehensive look at human rights and rule of law in China," said Senator Chuck Hagel (R-NE), the Commission's Chairman. "China's leaders will not achieve their long-term goal of social stability and continued economic development without building a future that includes human rights for all Chinese citizens. China's development will impact all of Asia, and the world. Respect for human rights must be part of that future," Hagel said.


See the full report online:


Chinese Breast Cancer Deaths Jump 40% since One Child Abortion Policy

BEIJING, October 13, 2005 ( - Chinese state media has reported a sharp increase in the number of cases of breast cancer in China in the last ten years. According to official statistics from the Ministry of Health, about 40% more women are dying from breast cancer and the disease is striking women at younger ages than ever before.

According to the officially released statistics reported in China Daily, the fatality rate of breast cancer rose 38.7 percent for women living in urban areas and 39.1 percent for rural women between 1991 and 2000.

Xu Guangwei of the China Anti-Cancer Association put the increase down to stress and greater consumption of fatty food, which have been linked to cancer in many studies. A much easier explanation, however, is the communist country’s obsession with limiting its population with abortion. The link between abortion and instances of breast cancer is much better documented than that between stress and cancer.

The Coalition on Abortion/Breast Cancer points out that an identical increase in breast cancer in US women was found between the mid-1980's and 1998, “the increase took place entirely within the Roe v. Wade generation - the group of women who were under age 40 in 1973 when abortion was legalized.”

Karen Malec, the group’s spokesman said, “The Chinese government, like the American government, isn't telling women why they're getting more breast cancers.  Here's a little clue for the Chinese and U.S. governments. Nations that prohibit abortion (like Ireland and Poland) have significantly lower breast cancer rates.”

The connection between abortion and breast cancer, though verifiable in many studies, has been assiduously blocked, says the Coalition, for years because of politics. Most national medical associations and physicians’ organizations have accepted abortion as a great boon to women’s health and routinely accuse any report finding otherwise of “political” bias.

For more information on the medical connection between abortion and breast cancer:

50 house church leaders arrested, some beaten
Communist authorities raid meeting of pastors from 20 provinces
Posted: October 21, 2005
1:00 a.m. Eastern

© 2005

Chinese communist authorities arrested 50 house church leaders from more than 20 provinces at a retreat in Hebei Province.

Some were beaten during the Oct. 20 raid, reported China Aid Association.

According to an eyewitness report, the leaders, from independent house churches outside government control, planned to discuss how to help the poor, orphaned and the floating population in urban areas.

Public Security Bureau of the city of Baoding and government religious affairs officials made the arrrests.

One of the church leaders, Dai Hong, was beaten by an officer named Tang, China Aid said.

Among the arrested is a famous evangelist, pastor Zhang Mingxuan, who, along with two other Christians once ran a nursing home in Beijing.

He previously was detained prior to President Bush's trip to China in February 2002.

"It is no coincident that this kind of incident should happen again before President Bush's upcoming visit to China next month." says Bob Fu, the President of China Aid Association.

"The Chinese government is systematically targeting the house church movement in China," Fu added. "We urge the international community and President Bush to pressure the Chinese government to protect freedom of religion and other human rights."

President Bush is expected to visit Beijing Nov. 19.

The vast majority of Christians in China, perhaps as many as 100 million, are part of the unregistered church. The communist government requires all Protestant church activity to be under control of the official Three-Self Patriotic Movement, which restricts activities such as evangelism and certain teachings. Catholics, forbidden contact with the Vatican, are required to submit to a similar organization.